High-consequence animal diseases pose catastrophic risks to the U.S. agricultural economy, which generates $1 trillion in activity each year and employs about 13 percent of the nation’s workforce. Animal agriculture in particular is built upon a “just in time” process that carefully coordinates the production and transportation of livestock, poultry and their products. Tools that screen for high-consequence animal diseases while fitting into established business routines serve to support the business continuity of animal agriculture while also protecting the food supply, public health and the economy.
New tools and technologies are needed to protect the nation’s agriculture and public health sectors against high-consequence transboundary, emerging and zoonotic diseases. Systems are needed for rapid detection of, response to, and recovery from animal disease events to support business continuity and ensure livestock welfare. Identified needs include development of veterinary medical countermeasures, pen-side tests, hand held detection systems and in-process monitoring devices.
IIAD has coordinated a series of workshops and reports to provide guidance and recommendations for national programs and policy development for new and emerging technologies for agricultural screening tools, modeling, enhanced passive surveillance, vaccines and diagnostics development. Based on recommendations from a series of workshops to coordinate and enhance the agro-security enterprise, the Institute for Infectious Animal Diseases (IIAD) and partners proposed and was awarded a number of research efforts whose outcomes can be integrated with minimal disruption into daily business practices to help establish the “proof of negative” status essential to maintain business continuity. Many of these technologies have applications in an international setting where these diseases are encountered more frequently or are endemic. These research efforts will facilitate rapid sampling, testing and reporting of results to promote efficient and effective incident management.
- Agricultural Screening Tools Workshop I (2010)
- Agricultural Screening Tools Workshop II (2011)
- Agricultural Screening Tools Workshop III (2011)
- Agricultural Screening Tools Workshop IV (2012)
- Optimization and Validation of A Real-Time RT-PCR Assay For Rapid Detection of FMDv for Use in Bulk Tank Milk Samples
- Development of a Mutiplex RT-qPCR Assay for Surveillance of Foreign Animal Diseases During Routine Testing of Oral Fluid Samples
- Development of a Prototype, Performance and Evaluation, and Validation and Transition of a 3ABC Foot and Mouth Disease virus (FMDv) Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Kit
- The Matrix-Chaperone: Ambient Temperature Biospecimen Collection, Transport, and Banking for Simplified Animal Disease Screening